Fishing boats equipped with makeshift machine guns and assault weapons piloted by rogue pirates attempted to invade Northwest Florida waters last month. They were met with a swarm of fighter jets and attack aircraft that rained down precision-guided bombs and machine gun fire over their enemy targets.
This was the scene from Combat Hammer, an annual multi-service, multi-national military exercise on Eglin Air Force Base meant to evaluate the defense department’s weapons systems. The simulated attack was held over Choctawhatchee Bay near Destin, Fla.
Approximately 35 local boat captains and mariners contracted by Eglin simulated realistic swarm attack formation maneuvers in the Choctawhatchee Bay while twin-engine jets, multi-role fighter jets, Navy helicopters and Canadian F-18s targeted them from above to practice simulated ‘real time kills.’
“We evaluate precision-guided munitions against realistic targets with realistic enemy defenses,” said Lt. Col. Sean Neitzke, commander of Eglin’s 86th Fighter Weapons Squadron. “There are plenty of places in the world where low-tech adversaries can mount 50-caliber machine guns and rocket launchers on small boats for use against us. They could also use other types of shoulder-launched weapons, all of which could be a threat to American assets.”
To make training more realistic, A-10 pilots shot inert 30-millimeter training rounds at unmanned boats positioned in the Gulf of Mexico during the morning portion of evaluation. The pilots also fired AGM-65 ‘Maverick’ missiles, inert 2,000 pound Guided Bomb Unit-10s, 500-pound GBU-12 laser guided bombs, and GBU-54 laser-guided Joint Direct Attack Munitions.
During the training week over 62 bomb drops were made over the Eglin range. The data gathered from those drops is captured by 96th Range Group units.
The 96th Range Control Squadron provides real-time mission control and data analysis capabilities for the Weapon System Evaluation Program exercise within Eglin’s Central Control Facility.
“The 96th RNCS CCF receives data from aircraft, weapons, targets and a multitude of other range sensors and combines that information to provide full situational awareness to the WSEP engineers,” said Stan Pitchford, Director, 96th Range Control Squadron. “This allows them to make real-time decisions on the performance of various weapon systems.”
Telemetry kits mounted on munitions provide digital data streams captured by ground telemetry sites operated by the 96th Range Support Squadron. This data is then transported to the 96th RNCS CCF by fiber optic cable and translated into information (such as targeting coordinates) the WSEP customer can then analyze. The 96th RNSS also provides high-speed cameras and radar data to the CCF to increase situational awareness.
“At the end of the exercise, we package all of the mission data and deliver it to the WSEP customer. In a nutshell, we provide WSEP with decision quality data, so they can ensure the employment of the weapons work as intended before they go downrange,” said Pitchford.
This data measures whether or not the weapons are suitable, reliable, accurate, and if they can be maintained. Those findings are broken down by analysts and briefed to senior level Air Force leaders, combatant commanders, and operational planners to aid them with warfighter capability decisions. In addition, the data is used to support funding, training requests, hardware and software when munition deficiencies are identified.
The identification of deficiencies allows the Air Force to correct any issues within the Air Force inventory before the weapons are deployed to operational areas of concern, according to Neitzke.
The evaluation exercise also provides and enhances operationally realistic training for the squadron’s pilots, maintainers and the participating units.
Many times, Combat Hammer is the first time aircrew members get to release a specific type of munition from their aircraft. The goal is to provide pilots without weapons firing experience the chance to get in the cockpit and drop a new weapon or to drop a weapon normally not found at their home base.
“We strive for 50 percent first-time shooters in the cockpit,” said Neitzke. “We get an allocation of more unique munitions than an operational fighter squadron typically gets at their home station.”
From the time the munitions are assembled, to when they strike their targets, the 86th FWS’s Airmen evaluate every aspect to ensure the munition can be pulled off the rack and employed effectively tomorrow in combat.
“We want to ensure Americans have the best hardware and software possible. Our goal is to find problems, and fix them, to provide our warfighters the best capabilities we can,” said Neitzke. “We want to protect them and help them be more effective in accomplishing their mission.”